Borgo dei Borghi

“Dai monti, dal piano sospesa sempre tra cielo e mare, Fiumefreddo t’appare.
Né resisti al suo richiamo! V’accedi per porta d’Oriente e s’apre al tuo cuore e rischiara la mente.”

Franco del Buono.


Beyond the Crocetta Pass, which separates the city of Cosenza from the Tyrrhenian Sea, making us arrive in the beautiful and evocative village of Fiumefreddo Bruzio, ranked among the hundred most beautiful Borghi (villages) in Italy, which is one of the cultural and natural wonders of the province Cosenza.
In this volume, traveling through the narrow alleys, our attention has fallen on the details, on colors and marvels that very often, a careless eye, tends to be slipping away.





Fiumefreddo Bruzio, from its positiondominant, perched on the cliff of a plateau that ranges blue seaTirreno, offers him a show of pride lonely and ancient heritagehistoric medieval village, perched on the slopes of the mountains that slopetowards the sea, treasure trove of history and priceless cultural value.

His name originated from the "cold" water of the rushing river that comes down, thebehind him, from the summit of Mount Cocuzzo, in a succession of mountain ranges,such as to form a natural rocky rampart which dominates and protects the village. 

fiumefreddoFiumefreddo features a cultural and artistic heritage of great value andremarkable historical interest, which is evident in a succession of churchesmansions, built by the local nobility and took that characterized thelife of the Calabrian town.The historic center has recently joined theprestigious club of "The most beautiful villages in Italy".


Medieval origin, it took the name from Fiumefreddo at the spring of which had been built  the Florense Monastery for the holy most Mary, after the unification of Italy Fiumefreddo had the attribution of "Bruzio". Among the beauties of the place it is definitely worth seeing the castle called "Palace of the Valley" which was built in 1201 by Simone de Mamistra from the processing of a defense tower.

In 1536 the castle was embellished Fiumefreddo according to the aesthetic of the time and were built, the walls of the country, and two towers Golette calls. In the early 1800s the castle was partially destroyed by the French what remains has been restored recently, and contains murals by Salvatore Fiume, Sicilian painter of 900 world famous. The painter painted, some internal and external walls of the ancient half-ruined castle and the dome of St. Rocco Chapel.

Also in River must bronze sculptures, each of the two panoramic squares of Fiumefreddo, which offers, in the tranquility of the sixteenth century village, a beautiful seascape.

The town, an important historical and cultural center that still has some of the medieval walls, gave the origins to the artist Giuseppe Pascaletti (1699-1757). Do not miss, in addition, to the castle, are the Church of St. Clare (sec. XVI) with paintings, most of Pascaletti, and works of art in carved and gilded wood of the eighteenth century; the Mother Church, with two portals six-eighteenth century, and several paintings inside; the Church of St. Francis of Paola; the feudal palaces of the XVI-XVII century .; immediately upstream of the town, towards the road that leads to the Abbey, the Church of the Carmine (XVIsec.).

Salvatore Fiume a Fiumefreddo

During the summer of 1975 Salvatore Fiume (the famous painter) frescoed the walls of a crumbling castle in the Calabrian town of Fiumefreddo Bruzio (Cosenza). Thirteen painted walls between those inside and outside of the eighteenth-century castle that had to subject three stories, two medieval life and which told the story of a beautiful Calabrian slave imprisoned by the Turks.

Come back after your stay in Fiumefreddo Fiume made a series of paintings inspired by ancient Saracen invasions that occurred in those lands in the ninth century. Unfortunately, over time the weather have destroyed almost completely the frescoes of Fiumefreddo Castle. In the summer of 1996, aged 81, Fiume repainted much of the inside walls.


In 1976, however, Fiume painted the wonders of San Rocco inside the dome of a church dedicated to the saint of the small Calabrian town. The composition illustrates four aspects of the episode the Santo in Italy when, from France, on a pilgrimage to Rome, he found the plague.










The first is the meeting of St. Rocco with that terrible scourge, in accordance with the ouster of death; in the third Fiume illustrates the faith that spreads among those affected by the disease while the fourth is said to return to life, symbolized by the biblical evocation of Adam and Eve under a tree that has flourished where it was dried and burned.
















































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