"The Greek empire was more in south Itlay than in Greece!!!"
J. W. Goethe

The signs of Greek domination are still visible, in temples, in theaters and in some customs and traditions that time has failed to erase. The greek period of Sicily dates back to 756 a. C. during the founding of the first colony: Zancle.

The following years are a succession is colonization that will determine the history of Sicily, art, culture and language. Thucydides, the famous greek historian, tells that the first Sicilian colonies were the work of "aristoi", aristocrats excluded from the city following the Trojan War, who colonized according to a precise commercial strategy. Messina, Naxos, Reggio, Catania and Syracuse were all ports that were located along the major trade routes of the time and took on a key role both in business and in control.

After Zancle was the turn of Naxos (735 a. C.), for a long time it considered the first Greek colony of Syracuse in 734. C., 729 to Catania. C., Megara Hyblaea 728 a. C., Gela 689 a. C., Selinunte 650 a. C., Akragas (Agrigento) 581 a. C ..


Itinerary of Sicily Greek

Segesta is a historical city no longer inhabited, founded by the Elimi and located in the north-west of Sicily. The old city is located on Mount Barbaro, in the municipality of Calatafimi-Segesta, about ten kilometers from Alcamo and Castellammare del Golfo.
Of particular beauty are the temple in Doric style, and the theater, partly dug into the rock of the hill.

Selinunte (greek Selinos, Latin Selinus) was an ancient Greek city on the southwestern coast of Sicily. In the archaeological site there are four temples (temples: "D", "C", "A", "O") around the Acropolis and other 3 temples (temples: "G", "F", "E") of an inner hill along with other secondary buildings. The only temple E (the so-called Temple of Hera) was reconstructed.

Taormina is one of the most important international tourist centers of Sicily; for its beautiful natural landscape, the beautiful sea and its historical monuments. Taormina is home to a wonderful dating back to classical theater.

Agrigento. The Valley of the Temples is an archaeological site dating back to the Magna Grecia, located in Agrigento, Sicily. Since 1997 it has been listed as World Heritage sites, drawn up by UNESCO. It is considered a popular tourist destination, as well as the highest source of tourism for the entire city of Agrigento and a major in all of Sicily. The park of the Valley of the Temples is considered the largest archaeological park in the world (about 1300 hectares).

Syracuse. Inside the archaeological park of the ancient Greek colony of Syracuse there is the famous "Greek Theatre" (fifth century BC), the largest theater in Sicily and one of the largest of the entire greek world, wonderfully located, takes full advantage the natural environment setting that circonda.Delle many Latomie, deep and ancient stone quarries used by the Syracusan tyrants like prisons, you can visit the Paradise that contains the well-known "ear of Dionysius". Caravaggio was, impressed by the echo sensitivity, to give her name. In the archaeological park you can also admire the Roman amphitheater (II sec. D.C), second in size only to that of Verona.

Piazza Armerina is world famous for the Roman mosaics of the Villa del Casale, a UNESCO heritage site since 1997. The Villa Romana del Casale was built between the end of the century. III and the beginning of the century. IV A.D., as part of a system of large estates belonging to powerful Roman families, who went there to hunt or on vacation. Some scholars assume that the villa had belonged to a prominent personality of the Roman Empire hierarchy (a console), while others argue that the villa belonged to the Emperor M. Valerius Maximus,

Eraclea Minoa is the name of an ancient Greek city on the south western Sicily, according to Herodotus, founded by Selinuntini who called it originally Minoa. The city is considered typical for understanding the urban planning of the Hellenistic and Roman cities. Of great interest they are: the Theatre, built in the late fifth century BC, which opens with the cavea, divided into nine sectors to ten steps, toward the Mediterranean Sea.

Morgantina is an ancient Sicilian town and Greek archaeological site in the municipality of Aidone (EN), Sicily. The city was brought to light in the fall of 1955 by the Archaeological Mission of Princeton University (United States). The excavations so far made it possible to follow the development of the settlement for a period of about a millennium, from prehistoric to Roman times. The most easily visited area, fenced by the Superintendency, the remains from the middle of the V at the end of the first century BC, the heyday of the city.

Imera (Himera) was a Greek colony in Sicily. It was founded in 648 BC by Calcidesi from Zancle (modern Messina) and Syracusan exiles. In 480 BC the armies of Syracuse and Akragas you defeated the Carthaginians in the Battle of Imera occurred in the pious



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