"The Greek empire was more in south Itlay than in Greece!!!"
J. W. Goethe
The signs of Greek domination are still visible, in temples, in theaters and in some customs and traditions that time has failed to erase. The greek period of Sicily dates back to 756 a. C. during the founding of the first colony: Zancle.
The following years are a succession is colonization that will determine the history of Sicily, art, culture and language. Thucydides, the famous greek historian, tells that the first Sicilian colonies were the work of "aristoi", aristocrats excluded from the city following the Trojan War, who colonized according to a precise commercial strategy. Messina, Naxos, Reggio, Catania and Syracuse were all ports that were located along the major trade routes of the time and took on a key role both in business and in control.
After Zancle was the turn of Naxos (735 a. C.), for a long time it considered the first Greek colony of Syracuse in 734. C., 729 to Catania. C., Megara Hyblaea 728 a. C., Gela 689 a. C., Selinunte 650 a. C., Akragas (Agrigento) 581 a. C ..